Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to effectively use glucose as a fuel. After breaking down carbohydrates into sugars in the stomach, glucose enters the bloodstream and stimulates the pancreas to release enough insulin. Insulin allows the body's cells to assimilate glucose as energy. In type 2 diabetes, the body's cells can not properly absorb glucose, which leads to high levels of glucose in the blood.
The same changes can also reduce the chances of developing a type 2 diabetes. heart disease and some cancers. Excess weight is the most important cause of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven times. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than a person with a healthy weight. 8 Losing weight can help if your weight is above the health weight range.
Gestational diabetes is not the same as women who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes before pregnancy. Type 1 diabetes is usually a progressive autoimmune disease, in which the beta cells that produce insulin are slowly destroyed by the body's immune system. It is unclear what initially begins this cascade of immune events, but evidence suggests that a genetic predisposition and environmental factors, such as a viral infection, are impliqu's.
This can happen even if the glucose level is not very high above the normal level. This can lead to some of the following complications often years after the start of diabetes The type and severity of long-term complications vary from case to case. You can not develop it at all. In general, the more normal your glycaemia is, the less likely you are to develop complications. Your risk of developing complications is also reduced if you face other risk factors you may have, such as high blood pressure. Hypoglycaemia often called hypoglycaemia occurs when glucose levels become too low, usually below 4 mmol / L. People with diabetes who take insulin and / or some compresses against diabetes are at risk ofother complications.
Hypoglycemia low blood sugar is a common and dangerous condition for many people with type 1 diabetes. It can be caused by eating less than usual, more exercise than normal or too much insulin administered. Hyperglycemia high glycemia occurs when the body has too much food or glucose, or too little insulin. It can be caused by a blocker in the tube of the insulin pump, missing a dose of insulin, eating more than usual, stress or less exercise than normal.
Treatment with aspirin does not help to prevent retinopathy. Treatment of retinopathy. Patients with severe diabetic retinopathy or macular edema swelling of the retina should see a specialist of the eye tested in the management and treatment of diabetic retinopathy. Once the eyes develop, laser eye surgery or photocoagulation may be necessary. Laser surgery can help reduce vision loss in high-risk patients.
Other contributing factors are lack of health insurance and intentional reduction of insulin doses in order to decrease weight, which occurs in teenage girls in order to reduce weight. A salvage treatment involves rapidly replacing the fluids with salt solution saline followed by a low replacement dose of insulin and potassium. A positive control of the sugar in the blood glucose increases the risk of glycemia hypoglycemia.
"A major difference with other studies is that we counseled a period of weight loss with no increase in physical activity, but during long-term follow-up, a daily activity increased is important. Bariatric surgery can reach the resurgence of diabetes in about three quarters of people, but it is more expensive and risky and is available for only a small number of patients. The results of the essay, published in The Lancet and presented to the International Diabetes The Congress of the Federation in Abu Dhabi shows that after one year, the participants lost an average of 10 kg and almost half of them returned to a non-diabetic state.
This is not common with type 2 diabetes. It is more common in untreated type 1 diabetes when a very high level of sugar in the blood glucose can occur. develop quickly. However, a very high glucose level is developing in some people with untreated type 2 diabetes. High blood levels of glucose can cause lack of fluid in the body dehydration, drowsiness, and serious life-threatening illnesses. If your blood sugar is higher than normal over a long period of time, it can gradually damage your blood vessels.
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