Glucose levels are so high because the body is unable to use it properly. In people diagnosed with diabetes, their pancreas does not produce insulin, or not enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is usually produced by the pancreas and allows glucose to enter the cells of the body, where it is used for energy. The symptoms are caused by high levels off glucose remaining in the blood, where it can not be used as energy.
Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of type 1 diabetes here. Swedish researchers have launched a study to see if they can boost insulin production in people with type 1 diabetes who still make insulin. New research suggests that a patient's risk level for diabetic eye disease should determine how often they are examined. The device constantly measures blood sugar levels and determines whether glycemic levels in type 1 diabetes are too low or too high and when they are too high raised, will give the correct dose of insulin.
It can also be triggered when the insulin produced does not work properly. Usually, people with type 2 diabetes are diagnosed at age 40, but there are some exceptions. In people from South Asia, the disease may appear at the age of 25 years. The disease is becoming more and more common in children, adolescents of all ethnicities. Experts suggest that increasing rates of type 2 diabetes are due to the epidemic of obesity - a key cause of type 2 diabetes.
Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to effectively use glucose as a fuel. After breaking down carbohydrates into sugars in the stomach, glucose enters the bloodstream and stimulates the pancreas to release enough insulin. Insulin allows the body's cells to assimilate glucose as energy. In type 2 diabetes, the body's cells can not properly absorb glucose, which leads to high levels of glucose in the blood.
In particular, clinicians should do the following Educating on an appropriate treatment plan and encouraging them to follow the plan are especially important in patients with diabetes. Physicians should ensure that care for each patient with diabetes includes all laboratory tests, examinations eg, neurological examinations and feet, as well as references To specialists eg, ophthalmologist or chiropodist. A dietician should provide specific education to the dietary control of the patient and the family. A nurse should educate the patient about insulin self-injection and perform finger-level tests to monitor glycemic levels.
Being overweight can increase the risk of health problems. On the other hand, studies suggest that more than a third of women with diabetes omit or underuse insulin in order to lose weight. Eating disorders have become a serious problem in the general population and are particularly dangerous in diabetic patients. Some data suggest that they contribute to about 20% of cases of recurrent kidney disease in young women.
Normal HbA1c levels are 6% or less. HbA1c levels may be influenced by the use of insulin, kidney, glucose intake oral or intravenous or a combination of these and other factors. High levels of hemoglobin A1c in the blood increase the risk of microvascular complications, for example Renal failure may occur as a result of an acute event or illness chronic. Prenatal renal failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration or medication.
About 5 to 10% of diagnosed diabetes cases are type 1 diabetes. The other form of diabetes tends to seep into people, taking years to become a real diabetes. It begins when the muscles and other cells stop responding to the signal of insulin opening by glucose. The body reacts by making more and more insulin, essentially trying to bring the sugar back into the cells. Eventually, the insulin-producing cells run out and begin to fail.
Hypoglycemia occurs if blood sugar levels are below normal. It is generally defined as a glycemic level below 70 mg / dL, although this level is not necessarily a cause of symptoms in all patients. Insufficient intake of food and excess exercise or alcohol consumption may cause hypoglycaemia. Generally, the condition is manageable, but sometimes it can be severe or even potentially fatal, especially if the patient does not recognize the symptoms, especially by continuing to take insulin or other hypoglycemics.
Pregnancy - A small number about 3 to 5% of pregnant women develop diabetes during pregnancy, called "gestational diabetes". Gestational diabetes is similar to type 2 diabetes, but it usually disappears after the woman has given birth. Women who have gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. See "Patient Education Gestational Diabetes Beyond Basic Principles.
For most people with well-controlled diabetes, HbA1c levels should be less than 7%. Home tests are available to measure the A1C, but they tend not to be as accurate as the laboratory tests ordered by doctors. Urine tests are useful for detecting the presence of ketones. These tests should always be performed during an illness or stressful situations, when diabetes is likely to come out of control.
You usually inject insulin before meals in the upper arm, thighs, buttocks or abdomen belly. You should also change the exact location you use in the injection site each time. If you take too much insulin, you may develop hypoglycaemia low blood glucose. If you have hypoglycaemia, you can If this happens, eat or drink something sweet immediately. Then eat something containing long-term carbohydrates like a sandwich, toast or fruit.
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